Guangzhou, at one time known as Canton, is
China’s busiest transport and trade hub on
the Pearl River and the third-largest city
in the country. Its proximity to Hong Kong
means it is one of the most well-connected
cities in China. A large metropolis, it is
home to gleaming skyscrapers and leafy
alleys. With its long summers and
winter-free weather, it's no wonder why
Guangzhou is reputed as the "Flower City".
Guangzhou's history as a strategic trade
port to the South China Sea, which served as
the starting point for the marine Silk Road,
has afforded it a colonial background and
culturally diverse population that combine
to give the port city a cosmopolitan flair.
GETTING TO GUANGZHOU
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport is
the main airport of Guangzhou, the capital
of the province of Guangdong, People’s
Republic of China. The airport, located 28
kilometers from downtown Guangzhou, is the
main hub of China Southern Airlines and a
focus city for Shenzhen Airlines. Learn
Guangzhou Railway Station is in Huanshi
Road (环市路), and it is the largest and the
most important station in Guangzhou at
present. Trains depart to Beijing, Wuhan,
Nanjing, Chengdu, Chongqing, Xi’an, Lhasa
and many other cities in China.
There are five railway stations in
Guangzhou: Guangzhou Railway Station;
Guangzhou South Railway Station offering
most bullet trains; Guangzhou East Railway
Station offering more convenient bullet
train access to central Guangzhou from
Shenzhen/Hong Kong; Guangzhou North Railway
Station, and Guangzhou West Railway Station.
Taxis are abundant but demand is high. Peak
hours are from 8:00- 9:00, and around lunch
and dinner. Yellow or red cabs are driven by
local drivers. Flag fall is ¥10 for the
first 2.5km; ¥2.6 for every additional
kilometer, with a ¥1 fuel surcharge.
Guangzhou has nine metro lines in full
service within the city. Operating hours are
approximately from 6:20 - 23:30 and fares
cost from ¥2 to ¥14. Learn
more about the metro.